Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) have become an increasingly crucial tool for both institutional and retail investors to gain exposure to certain markets or hedge risks at a low cost in recent years. The explosive growth of the assets managed through ETFs has been largely driven by the increase in popularity of index funds, ETFs designed to track the performance of an index. An index fund could be used by retail investors to passively invest in equity markets, or by fund managers to easily adjust their portfolio exposure towards certain markets.
Hedge fund managers ended the first quarter of 2020 down 6.42%, while delivering their strongest post-2008 monthly outperformance over the global equity market as represented by the MSCI ACWI IMI. The escalation of the COVID-19 outbreak, which has spread to more than a hundred countries around the globe over the past two months, has weighed on the performance of risk assets in February and March.
The return of market volatility on the back of the escalating COVID-19 outbreak situation around the globe has pushed two particular niche hedge fund strategies back into the spotlight: the CBOE Eurekahedge Long Volatility Hedge Fund Index and the CBOE Eurekahedge Tail Risk Hedge Fund Index returned 10.27% and 12.28% respectively in February 2020. The two strategies which provide crisis alpha and protection for institutional portfolios have long since generated debates among asset owners and academics alike.
The Eurekahedge ILS Advisers Index gained 0.92% in 2019, following two consecutive years of losses during which ILS fund managers with catastrophe risk exposure suffered from the damage caused by the Atlantic hurricane seasons. Despite being a period of calm insurance losses, 2019 saw ILS fund managers languishing under loss creep from upward adjustments in estimated losses of past events. Insurance-linked securities (ILS) hedge funds trade in instruments whose values depend on insurance loss events. The majority of these instruments are reinsurance policies that assume the risk taken by insurance companies, which in turn assume the risk taken by individuals or institutions.
Structured credit traces its history back to the 20th century and has been a part of institutional and hedge fund portfolios for decades. Hedge fund managers focusing on structured credit could largely be dichotomised into those who generate returns from beta exposure to the asset class, and those who exploit mispriced instruments resulting from market inefficiency. Structured credit instruments result from the securitisation process in which multiple debt obligations are packed into interest-bearing securities whose cash flows are then sold to investors. This asset class has remained attractive to investors due to their ability to offer good return potentials and low rate of losses while providing diversification from other fixed income assets. The securitisation process also allows the final product to be tailored to an investor’s specific risk profile and constraints. On the other hand, the complexity of the instrument may result in heightened liquidity risk, and certain structured
Hedge fund managers have returned 7.27% as of November 2019 year-to-date, supported by the global equity market recovery throughout the year. Optimism over the progress of the US-China trade talks and accommodative central bank policies since the beginning of the year have acted as tailwinds for the hedge fund industry, resulting in positive performance for most geographic and strategic mandates for the year. The global hedge fund industry AUM currently stands at US$2,272.8 billion, down US$19.5 billion year-to-date as investor redemptions persisted in spite of positive performance-driven growth.
Altinvestor Europe 2019 is Eurekahedge’s third European asset owner forum and the seventh of its kind across Europe and APAC regions, delivering exclusive insights from family offices as well as institutional asset owners on exploring alternative investments and optimizing portfolio returns. The event is aimed at facilitating a private environment for candid discussions between investors and to serve as a melting pot of ideas connecting Europe’s leading institutional investors under one roof.
Hong Kong has been a major focal point within the Asia Pacific hedge fund industry, currently accounting for US$92.1 billion of assets under management (AUM), overseen by 449 hedge fund managers as of August 2019. Proximity to the fast-growing economy of China, availability of highly-trained talent base, as well as robust regulatory landscape have successfully attracted both foreign and domestic hedge fund managers to base their operations in the special administrative region. The Hong Kong hedge fund industry has continued to grow and reach new highs on the back of robust investor allocations and performance-driven growth in the post-GFC era. Seen as the gateway to China, Hong Kong is uniquely positioned to benefit from foreign asset owners interested in allocating into the Greater China region, as well as domestic asset owners looking to gain international exposure.
Investors are increasingly beginning to incorporate ethical considerations into their investment decisions, a development which has given rise to the ESG framework over the years. Despite the implementation challenges which arise when screening investments against acceptable environmental, social and corporate governance themes, the trend towards a more conscientious approach to investment is here to stay, especially from the perspective of large institutional investors. Fund managers, for both actively and passively managed investment vehicles are balancing their quest for superior returns with the need to meet investor demand for responsible investing. Further, an understanding that such an approach to investment can translate into ‘ESG-induced alpha’ for managers is further helping the cause of ethically guided investing. This article looks at the performance of funds, both long-only absolute return vehicles and hedge funds, with an active ESG investment framework and how they have
Trade finance hedge funds have gained traction over recent years, driven by investor demand for alternative asset classes with low volatility and consistent return, as well as low correlation against the broader financial market. The sector began its rapid growth following the global financial crisis in 2008, when banks started reducing their trade finance exposure to meet Basel III capital requirements. To address the lack of a standard benchmark for this niche hedge fund strategy, Eurekahedge launched the industry’s first trade finance hedge fund index in 2018, providing institutional investors with a benchmark index representing the performance of trade finance hedge fund managers.
The global hedge fund industry has witnessed a trend of declining management and performance fees over the past decade, calling into question the traditional “2 and 20” fee structure the industry was famous for. Mediocre returns over recent years – as opposed to the double-digit annual returns investors had come to expect from hedge funds pre-2008, along with increasing competition within the industry and tighter regulation over alternative investment vehicles are some key factors which have contributed to this trend. Investor experience during the 2008 global financial crisis had resulted in more disintermediation within the industry, with institutional investors engaging hedge fund managers directly.
The Eurekahedge Global Hedge Fund Awards have been launched with the intent of identifying and celebrating the very best of hedge fund managers in the Americas, Europe, Middle East & Africa (EMEA) and Asia Pacific (APAC) across 45 award categories carefully designed to track key strategic and regional mandates within the global hedge funds industry. In addition to this, we have introduced specialised awards that recognise the performance of new entrants to the industry as well as ‘consistency awards’ for established players that have continued to add value for institutional investors over the years. As a first for the hedge fund industry, the funds are evaluated over the same time period under consideration for all regional awards (Americas, EMEA and APAC) using a consistent methodology that draws on the expertise of our judges who have extensive years of experience allocating institutional money to hedge funds across the globe.
Altinvestor APAC 2019 is Eurekahedge’s fourth Asian asset owner event and the sixth of its kind across Europe and APAC, delivering exclusive insights from family offices as well as institutional asset owners on exploring alternative assets and optimising portfolio returns. The event is aimed at facilitating a private environment for candid discussions between investors and to serve as a melting pot of ideas connecting Asia’s leading institutional investors under one roof. The first day of the event was geared towards large asset owners such as pension funds, while the second day focused on single and multi-family offices.
ANDA Cruise, FengHe Asia Fund, Golden Pine Fund, KS Asia Absolute Return Fund, Realm High Income Fund, and Segantii Asia Pacific Equity Multi-Strategy Fund outshine peers in 2018
The Asian hedge fund managers tracked by Eurekahedge ended 2018 down 8.71% on average, recording their worst yearly performance since the 2008 global financial crisis. In spite of a strong start in January, the return of market volatilities in February and the escalation of the trade tension between the United States and China pushed the majority of Asian hedge funds into the red for the year. Compared to their global peers, fund managers focusing on Asia suffered heavier blows from the equity market sell-offs in response to the US Federal Reserve’s aggressive rate hikes throughout the year.
Greater China equity hedge funds ended 2018 down 14.78% after posting negative monthly returns over the better part of the year as fund managers struggled to generate profits amidst the volatile market. The escalation of the US-China tariff spat, combined with the US Federal Reserve’s aggressive rate hikes throughout the year severely weighed on the equity markets across the emerging markets, and especially China. Difficult trading situation arising from the return of market volatility and equity market sell-offs resulted in substantial performance-driven losses for the managers comprising the region’s US$28.7 billion hedge fund industry.
The Eurekahedge Funds of Funds Index ended 2018 down 4.58%, trailing behind the average hedge fund which would have lost 4.08% throughout the year. The persistent underperformance of multi-manager funds in terms of net returns has sparked questions over the value proposition offered by such structure, which was supposed to provide investors access to a wider pool of fund managers, as well as cheaper due diligence costs for smaller investors planning to invest in multiple single manager hedge funds.
The Eurekahedge ILS Advisers Index ended 2018 down 2.93%, recording its second consecutive year of losses after 2017, during which the index slumped 5.60%. The catastrophic losses incurred by Hurricane Florence in September and Hurricane Michael in October weighed on the ILS fund managers’ returns throughout the fourth quarter of the year.
The year 2018 has not been very friendly toward the hedge fund industry in general, with the Eurekahedge Hedge Fund Index down 2.36% year-to-date, in contrast to how it returned 8.51% last year. The return of market volatility, combined with the escalation of the US-China trade war around the middle of the year, as well as the political uncertainties surrounding Brexit negotiation and Italy’s debt level have exerted significant pressure on the hedge fund industry.
The year 2018 might not have been the best year for the hedge fund industry, with the return of market volatilities in the first quarter and the immediately following global trade friction between the world’s two strongest economies. The equal-weighted Eurekahedge Hedge Fund Index was up 0.12% as of September 2018 year-to-date, as fund managers struggled to generate profits amidst the volatile market and difficult trading situation throughout the year. The industry has also seen multiple liquidations of high-profile hedge funds overseeing billions of dollars of assets, as they were incapable of generating returns beyond what the fund managers and investors deem acceptable.
Altinvestor Europe 2018 is Eurekahedge’s second European asset owners’ event and the fourth of its kind across Europe and APAC regions, delivering exclusive insights from family offices as well as institutional asset owners on exploring alternative assets and optimising portfolio returns. The event is aimed at facilitating a private environment for candid discussions between investors and to serve as a melting pot of ideas connecting Europe’s leading institutional investors under one roof.
Crypto-currency funds dominated the hedge fund performance league tables back in 2017, thanks largely in part to the gravity defying price of Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), and other major crypto-currencies. The Eurekahedge Crypto-Currency Hedge Fund Index returned 1708.50% throughout the year, outperforming the global hedge fund industry average performance by over two hundredfold. While opinions around the future of crypto-currency became increasingly polarized, the enviable price appreciation continued to attract actively managed funds investing in crypto-currencies.
Despite the escalation of the ongoing trade conflict between the US and China, trade finance hedge funds successfully traded their way around this challenge over the past few months. The Eurekahedge Trade Finance Hedge Fund Index has not spent a single month in the red since the year started, and has returned 3.51% as of July 2018 year-to-date, ahead of hedge fund managers utilising fixed income strategies as represented by the Eurekahedge Fixed Income Hedge Fund Index which gained 1.16% over the same period. The custom index, an equal weighted index composite of 26 unique trade finance hedge funds tracks US$3.7 billion in assets under management (AUM) as of July 2018, a figure which has surged more than 50% since the end of 2016.
Investors are increasingly beginning to incorporate ethical considerations into their investment decisions, a development which has given rise to the ESG framework over the years. Despite the implementation challenges which arise when screening investments against acceptable environmental, social and corporate governance themes, the trend towards a more conscientious approach to investment is here to stay, especially from the perspective of large institutional investors. Fund managers, for both actively and passively managed investment vehicles are balancing their quest for superior returns with the need to meet investor demand for responsible investing. Further, an understanding that such an approach to investment can translate into ‘ESG induced alpha’ for managers is further helping the cause of ethically guided investing. This article looks at the performance of funds, both long-only absolute return vehicles and hedge funds, with an active ESG investment framework and how they have
The Eurekahedge ILS Advisers Index ended 2017 down 5.60%, breaking the streak of positive returns that lasted for five years, owing to the devastating losses incurred during the Atlantic hurricane season of 2017. The index, which tracks the performance of 34 ILS hedge funds with predominantly non-life risk exposure, declined by 8.61% in the month of September 2017 alone, as the extent of damage caused by hurricane Harvey and hurricane Irma started to come into light. Going into 2018, the index barely budged from its position as at the end of 2017, as it returned 0.07% over the first four months of 2018. Performance across fund managers were mixed, with strong primary cat bond market activities and healthy net inflows providing supports for them, while increased estimations on the losses induced by last year’s Atlantic hurricanes and California wildfire counteracted the gains. However, above-average activity forecasts for the 2018 Atlantic hurricane season may put pressure on ILS fund m
Greater China equity hedge funds ended 2017 with their best annual performance on record since 2009, supported by the remarkable rally of the Chinese equity markets throughout the year. The Eurekahedge Greater China Long Short Equities Hedge Fund Index which tracks 59 Greater China focused hedge funds utilising equity strategies posted a 31.87% gain in 2017, outperforming equity hedge fund managers from the broader region, as represented by the 19.73% return generated by the Eurekahedge Asia Long Short Equities Hedge Fund Index over the same period.
Indian hedge funds outperformed their global peers by a large margin in 2017, riding on the back of the Indian equity market’s exceptional performance over the year. The Eurekahedge India Hedge Fund Index generated 28.96% return over 2017, dwarfing the 8.25% return posted by the Eurekahedge Hedge Fund Index over the same period, which also happened to be the best annual performance of the global hedge fund industry since 2013. However, most of those gains were generated through exposure toward the fast growing equity market of the country, raising the question of whether some of these hedge fund managers actually generate enough alpha for their investors to justify their management and performance fees.
This piece looks at the performance of CTA/managed futures hedge funds and its various sub-groups which have come under pressure during the difficult market environment of February. We conclude by looking at the returns for the industry heavy weight systematic macro hedge funds overseeing assets in excess of US$1 billion which recorded steep monthly losses in February declining 4.77%. In contrast to popular news insinuating that the recent market melt-down was the doing of a handful of AI hedge fund managers which recorded their worst monthly loss on record, it seems that the major casualties lie somewhere elsewhere.
This piece revisits the performance of hedge funds that utilise artificial intelligence and machine learning theory in their trading process, focusing on the overall risk-return profile of artificial intelligence (AI) hedge funds as captured by the Eurekahedge AI Hedge Fund Index in comparison to traditional quants, equity-hedge strategies and the average global hedge fund.
Altinvestor Europe 2017 took off with a powerful opening presentation from a highly experienced pension executive presenting on how pension funds could secure long term success through collaboration with peers and asset managers and taking a more active and innovative approach to pension fund investment management.
Early estimates put the Eurekahedge Hedge Fund Index return at 7.81% by the end of 2017, and hedge funds are on track to post twelve consecutive positive months in a year for the first time since 1999.
Crypto-currency funds continue to dominate hedge fund performance league tables’ thanks largely in part to the gravity defying price of bitcoins. In fact since we first published an index tracking the performance of crypto-currency investing hedge funds earlier this year, the price of bitcoin, the most liquid and the shiniest of all crypto-currencies has almost quadrupled. While opinions around the future of crypto-currency have become increasingly polarized, the enviable price appreciation continues to attract actively managed funds towards investments in crypto-currencies.
After 5 consecutive years of positive returns, hedge funds with exposure to catastrophe bonds or Cat bonds for short, are on track to post their first year of losses as the full extent of damages from Hurricane Harvey, Irma and Maria come to light. An index of such funds tracked by Eurekahedge who explicitly allocate to insurance linked investments and have at least 70% of their portfolio invested in non-life risk – the Eurekahedge ILS Advisers Hedge Fund Index was down 0.33% in August and 5.46% in September, bringing the year-to-date return into negative territory with a loss of 3.69%. This comes after ILS hedge funds delivered compound returns of 15.60% versus 12.21% for the average hedge fund in the three year period ending December 2016.
November 2016, what many thought was unthinkable became a reality when Donald Trump assumed power in the United States. His unpredictability and outspokenness had already spooked markets in the lead up to the election, but what has happened since has been quite remarkable in its own right. Markets, which once feared the idea of a Trump presidency embraced it whole-heartedly, and what President Trump had once called ‘a big, fat, ugly bubble’ got a new lease of life. The rhetoric was toned down and the handshakes were tempered as the prospect of a renewed fiscal stimulus coupled with economic de-regulation set about trying to woo markets. While little has materialized save a deadlock on Capitol Hill, markets have risen to new highs.
Investors are increasingly beginning to incorporate ethical considerations into their investment decisions, a development which has given rise to the environmental, social, governance (ESG) framework over the years. Despite the implementation challenges which arise when screening investments against acceptable environmental, social and corporate governance themes, the trend towards a more conscientious approach to investment is here to stay, especially from the perspective of large institutional investors.
A revival appears to be underway for China investing mandates in 2017 following disappointing returns last year. The recent decision by MSCI to include Chinese A Shares in its broader Emerging Market Indices is likely to support this trend, though exposure through long-only type vehicles to underlying markets could take investors for a ride given the inherent volatility. This piece looks at the performance of China A-Share investing hedge funds and how they have managed to ride the volatility in underlying markets over the years.
Since 2013, a new breed of actively managed crypto-currency alternative funds has been coming to the fore. Initially starting off with dedicated exposure to bitcoins, these funds have now diversified across the breadth of crypto-currencies and consistently rank at the top of performance tables thanks to the skyrocketing price of crypto-currencies over the past few years.
Corporate events such as mergers and acquisitions (M&A) and company spinoffs provide opportunities for merger arbitrage hedge funds to capitalise on pricing inefficiencies prior to the completion of a transaction. Before acquisition, the price of the share of a target company is usually traded at a discounted price, creating a potential opportunity for merger arbitrageurs to reap gains once the transaction is complete. However, much of the opportunities within the merger arbitrage space lies in the health of M&A activity as well as other factors which would motivate (or de-motivate) the successful transaction of an M&A deal. For instance, the Pfizer/Allergan M&A deal was threatened by US regulatory challenges and this led to the abandonment of the deal. Other than regulatory challenges, the outlook of the global economy as well as business sentiments play an integral role in sustaining the appetite for corporate activity by conglomerates.
The rise of computer-driven strategies in the hedge fund sphere has caught considerable interest from the investment community over recent years. These quantitative hedge funds incorporate automated trading strategies, enabling them to capitalise on price discrepancies in the markets through executing trade positions within a very short span of time. While these systematic hedge funds have been employing methods of technical analysis into their trading strategies, sentiment analysis is also an up and coming feature in investment decisions. Text-mining data collected from various sources could be an indicator of ground sentiment during key market events, which can then be used as inputs in trading models or for risk control.
Activist hedge funds, a sub-strategy of event driven hedge funds, deploy shareholder activism as a key cornerstone of their investment strategy and have closer interactions with management of the companies which they invest into. Cultural differences also play a part in the adopted style of activism with Western activist hedge funds pursuing a dynamic approach, while their Asian counterparts adopt a more engagement-styled activism. This special feature takes a quick look at activist hedge funds, which have markedly outperformed their global hedge fund peers in 2016.
Equity focused hedge fund strategies have seen their assets under management (AUM) grow from US$460.2 billion since end-2009 to US$778.0 billion as of January 2017 through a combination of performance-based gains and investor allocations over the years. Having recorded six consecutive years of asset growth between 2010 to 2015, long/short equity hedge fund AUM contracted for the first time in 2016, declining by 2.56% on the back of steep investor redemptions totalling US$29.1 billion. Performance-based gains were the lowest on record in the last five years following losses in 2011. While 2017 has started on a positive note, with assets for long/short equity hedge funds approaching the US$800 billion mark, the year holds much uncertainty in store.
Quantitative hedge fund strategies have received considerable interest from investors over the last decade. The application of growing computing power and the availability of big data has enabled these systematic trading models to capitalise on market inefficiencies that were otherwise difficult to identify or harvest given the implied trading costs. However, this growth has met with some headwinds on two key accounts; firstly, trading models built using back-tests on historical data have often failed to deliver good returns in real time (as previously identified trends have broken down), and secondly, the diffusion of similar quant models which has led to crowding in the space and consequently depressed the returns from such strategies.
Event driven and their sub-group of distressed debt hedge fund strategies account for almost 12% of the global hedge fund assets under management, standing at US$266.5 billion as of November 2016. Despite posting the best returns among hedge fund strategic mandates in 2016 (distressed debt and event driven strategies are up 11.89% and 8.15% respectively which compares with average global hedge fund gains of 3.50%), the two strategies have seen investor redemptions for most of 2016. Event driven strategies saw outflows of US$13.5 billion in 2016, while distressed debt hedge funds recorded redemptions of US$2.1 billion which compares with industry wide investor redemptions of US$28.2 billion for the year.
CTA/managed futures hedge fund strategies account for almost 11% of the global hedge fund assets under management (AUM), accounting for US$250.3 billion as of October 2016. While the global hedge fund industry has seen redemptions of US$16.6 billion in 2016; the highest on record since 2009, CTA/managed futures strategies have continued to attract investor capital for the second consecutive year in a row. The strategy has seen net investor allocations of US$12.2 billion in 2016, following capital inflows of US$29.0 billion in 2015. Average index returns for the strategy have been muted over the last two years (this following their strong showing in 2014 when the Eurekahedge CTA/Managed Futures Hedge Fund Index was up 9.62%), the prospect of uncorrelated returns, both to traditional and hedge fund mandates adds much to the appeal of CTA/managed futures hedge funds in an investor’s portfolio.
Long/short equity hedge fund strategies account for almost 36% of the global hedge fund asset under management (AUM), accounting for US$801.7 billion as of September 2016. Following a difficult start to the year, the strategy is on its way to recovery following four consecutive months of positive returns with the Eurekahedge Long Short Equity Hedge Fund Index up 2.47% for the year. However, given the challenging market environment since end 2013, long/short equity manager have posted low single digit returns over the last three years – up 3.69% in 2014, 3.04% in 2015 and 2.47% September 2016 YTD; a development that has slowed investor allocations into the strategy and contributed in part to a decline in the net growth activity (launches less closures). The outlook remains challenging for the moment, and the fourth quarter holds much in store from the outcome of the US elections to the Fed’s signalling on the pace of future rate hikes that could potentially limit the upside for the stra
Volatility investing hedge funds are a much overlooked segment of the hedge fund industry - niche players who invest exclusively in volatility as either a standalone alpha generating strategy or as part of a diversified portfolio seeking to provide downside protection during periods of elevated market stress. The strategy though is ripe for a comeback, and a source of much added value for investors seeking to hedge their portfolios during uncertain times and possibly flirt with the notion of direct exposure to volatility as an asset class in its own right. The report which follows will review the performance of the CBOE Eurekahedge Volatility Indexes over the years and the added benefits that can arise from increasing allocations towards volatility investing strategies.
The <em>Eurekahedge Commodity Hedge Fund Index</em> is an equal-weighted index which tracks the performance of underlying hedge fund managers who invest exclusively into commodities and commodities-related instruments. In our analysis, the <em>Eurekahedge Commodity Hedge Fund Index</em> was up 0.77% in July (9.19% July year-to-date) in what turned out to be a good month for managers allocating to precious metals, energy and softs. Underlying managers reported impressive gains made from the rally in precious metals in July as gold climbed during the latter half of the month, on the back of a weakening greenback and lacklustre GDP figures coming from the US. Short positions in crude oil proved to be profitable as concerns of a sat
The Eurekahedge FX Hedge Fund Index tracks the performance of dedicated currency investing hedge funds in the spot, futures and forward markets utilising both systematic and discretionary overlays and investing across all of major, minor and exotic currency pairs. The Eurekahedge FX Hedge Fund Index was up 0.10% in June in what turned out to be a volatile month for global currencies. Underlying managers reported losses on their long USD versus emerging market currency pairs’ positions in the earlier part of the month as disappointing US non-farm payroll data pushed back expectations of a summer rate hike in the US. Short positions in the Rand proved to be costly for managers as South Africa avoided an expected ratings downgrade ...